What is CBD (Cannabidiol) And What Does It Do?

What is CBD (Cannabidiol) And What Does It Do?

What exactly is cannabidiol (CBD) and more importantly, what does it do? Those questions and more are at the heart of this comprehensive guide to one of the most fascinating and important compounds of the cannabis plant. Cannabis plants are chemical powerhouses that produce more than 400 different compounds. Not all of those compounds are unique to marijuana, of course, and appear in many other species of plants. That’s why marijuana can smell like pine trees or taste like fresh lemons. But of those 400 compounds, more than 60 of them are totally specific to the plant genus Cannabis. Scientists call these special compounds “cannabinoids.” However, not all cannabinoids are created equal. One of them, cannabidiol, or CBD, holds the key to the wide variety of medicinal and therapeutic effects marijuana offers.

The more we learn about CBD, the more it seems poised to revolutionize medicine as we know it. Find out why cannabidiol is so important and why you should care about it, especially if you consume cannabis.



CBD 101: The Fundamentals of Cannabidiol


Cannabidiol is Not Psychoactive

One of the most crucially important qualities of CBD is its lack of psycho-activity. In layperson’s terms, this means that cannabidiol won’t get you high. Unlike THC, Cannabidiol is inert.

So, when taken on its own, users experience none of the sensations of being "stoned," or high. This is the single most important property of the cannabinoid from the medical-and legal-perspective.

Cannabidiol is Legal Almost Everywhere

Because CBD doesn’t get you high, products that contain only this cannabinoid can legally be sold in all 50 U.S. states.

In fact, every state that has yet to legalize marijuana for medical use has some kind of law allowing people to obtain and use CBD-only (or low-THC) products for medical or therapeutic purposes. And in most cases, that means obtaining Cannabidiol from hemp, rather than cannabis flowers.

In places with legal medical marijuana programs, CBD products are widely available and easy to find.


Cannabidiol Can Come From Hemp or Marijuana Plants

There are two main sources of CBD: hemp plants and marijuana. Where a given product comes from depends on the legal status of marijuana in a particular state.

If medical marijuana is illegal in a given state, THC levels determine whether a CBD product is illicit or not. In most places, the limit is extremely low. Typical threshold for thc is <.3%. In this case, the only source available is hemp, and CBD products will, therefore, be hemp-derived.

In other places, limits can be higher. Delaware, for example, allows CBD oil to contain up to 5 percent THC.

Hempseed Oil and CBD Oil: What’s the Difference?

As a growing number of cannabis-based products hit the market, many people are confused about the differences between CBD oil and hempseed oil. If you are interested in using CBD oil for its health benefits, it is important to know the differences between these products and how they can affect your body.

Hempseed Oil

Hempseed oil comes from the seeds of the industrial hemp plant. These seeds are cold-pressed to create an oil that tastes great and contains high levels of healthy unsaturated fats, including Omega 3 and Omega 6. Some people cook with this oil or drizzle it on salads as a substitute for olive oil. The nutty flavor of hempseed oil makes it a delicious addition to your kitchen cabinet. Meanwhile, companies use this oil to make moisturizing lotions and soaps. Hempseed oil is also an ingredient in some eco-friendly paints and some forms of plastic.


CBD oil manufacturers primarily extract this substance from the stalk of the cannabis plant. The advantage of CBD oil over marijuana-infused cannabis oil or cannabis resin is that it contains little to no THC. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the psychoactive component of cannabis — the part that gets you high. On the other hand, cannabidiol (CBD) does not cause intoxication, but it does offer a number of potential health benefits. Many people use CBD oil to help them manage the pain associated with diseases such as cancer or Crohn’s disease, while others use it as a regular supplement to naturally support their overall health. You can purchase pills, tinctures and skin rubs that contain CBD.

Hempseed Oil vs CBD Oil: Which is Right For You?

If you are interested in exploring the potential health benefits offered by the cannabis plant, you need to ensure you are purchasing genuine CBD oil. Hempseed oil is not the same product and does not contain the cannabidiol that studies suggest could have medical benefits for people with certain health conditions. Citizen CBD offers a range of CBD products, from tinctures to pills to topicals, which allow you to use CBD in a form that fits conveniently into your lifestyle.