Industrial hemp production has revved up since the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill. But the hemp plant has been around for many centuries. It was coveted for its sturdiness for clothes and building materials, as well as for its food-producing potential. We know that CBD comes from the hemp plant, but are there any other cannabinoids present in the hemp plant? Let’s explore.
What is Hemp?
Hemp is a plant closely related to the marijuana plant. It has been around a long time, and archeologists discovered signs of it as far back as 10,000 years ago. Ancient folks used hemp for clothing, oil, paper, food, and building materials. History buffs might find it interesting to hear that Thomas Jefferson was a big fan of hemp and used it as a cash crop as well as a paper material supply.
One of the most famous present-day cannabinoids that come from hemp is CBD. CBD is used by people to potentially help with sleep issues, chronic pain, mood disorders, seizures, skin problems, anxiety, and stress. You might be surprised to find out that CBD is not the only cannabinoid present in hemp. Here is a list of other prominent cannabinoids in hemp.
We all know that marijuana contains an active ingredient called THC. But what people may not know is that hemp plants also contain a fair amount of THC. Per regulations, commercially produced hemp can only have .3% THC to be compliant with the law.
THC is a cannabinoid that could help with inflammation, chronic pain, mood, and appetite, like CBD. In addition to this, THC can also produce feelings of euphoria or a high. THC is considered an illegal schedule I substance by the DEA, and you could be in trouble if it shows up in a drug test.
CBN is derived from oxidized THC. Unlike THC, however, it does not have any psychoactive properties. To get strains with the highest CBD, farmers let their crops grow past their ripeness to generate the largest amount of CBN.
CBD’s predominant quality is that of a sedative, but it is also used to potentially help with appetite.
CBG is considered to be the originator of both THC and CBD. Without it, we wouldn’t have these two wonderful compounds. As the hemp plant matures, CBG gets broken down by enzymes into THC, CBD, and other enzymes.
CBG does not produce a high and has been noted to help with medical conditions like eye pressure. It is also believed that CBG could be helpful with appetite, sleep, and memory.
CBC is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that was discovered around 50 years ago. It is created by heating cannabichromene acid. Most cannabis plants, hemp included, have at least 1% of CBC, although plants from warmer climates tend to have a higher content. When paired with THC and CBD, CBC is believed to positively affect people’s moods.
And there you have it - the most essential cannabinoids in hemp, all in one place!
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